DESIRE SUPPORTING RESEARCH

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Horny Goat Weed

Latin Name: Epimedium grandiflorum

Part Used: Leaves

Description: Horny Goat Weed is a small plant found in the higher altitude regions of China and surrounding parts of Asia.

History: An old legend states that a Chinese goat herder noticed his goats became more sexually active after eating the plant, this is how the plant got its distinct name. Horny goat weed has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for centuries as an effective sexual tonic, and for restoring sexual vitality and vigor.

Aphrodisiac Properties: Horny goat weed is commonly used to treat impotence and prolong erections; it increases nitric oxide levels resulting in more blood flow to the genitals and increased penile rigidity. There is evidence that this herb can also increase the production of semen.

Horny goat weed is effective in boosting libido, the plant is shown to act similar to androgens, the sex hormones that arouse sexual desire in men and women. In women, horny goat weed is shown to improve libido especially in cases of decreased desire after menopause.

Horny goat weed is shown to reduce stress and influence neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinepherin and serotonin which are important for positive mood and sexual function.

Other Uses: Horny goat weed is recognized as an effective tonic and is used in treating poor memory and mental fatigue. Because it increases levels of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine regular use of this herb may help to relieve stress and anxiety

Horny goat weed is also shown to improve disorders of the kidneys and liver as well as respiratory problems such bronchitis and asthma. It is used to lower blood sugar levels and to treat high blood pressure related with menopause. Use of this herbs helps to strengthen the connective tissues and joints and it is effective in the treatment of arthritis and weakness of the limbs

Horny goat weed can be combined with other herbs for a stronger effect.

General Safety, Cautions & Side Effects: In higher doses horny goat weed may have a stimulating effect and could cause rapid heart rate or an increase in blood pressure. Higher doses may also cause sweating and an increase in body temperature. No major side effects have been reported when taken in regular doses. The herb has been used safely for over 2000 years in TCM.

Unlike many expensive supplements, the reputation of ‘Horny Goat Weed’ actually has some basis in fact. Epimedium contains a flavonoid glycoside compound known as Icariin – which shares many of the same mechanisms as drugs like Viagra.

Here’s The Science

Viagra works by inhibiting phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5), an enzyme in the human body which blocks sexual arousal and performance of smooth muscle cells (like those which supply the penis with blood.) If the body produces too much PDE5, it’s difficult or impossible to get an erection. Viagra and icariin work by blocking that enzyme.

Icariin also increases the production of nitric oxide in the body, which increases blood flow and blood oxygenation, making it easier to get an erection and sustain it ‘in the field.’ It also mimics the effects of male hormone testosterone, which has a predictable effect on a man’s libido.

In short – Epimedium works just like Viagra. In fact, according to a recent Italian research paper, it works even better than Viagra because it only blocks PDE5 (whereas Pfizer’s wonderdrug also blocks PDE6, which causes the side effects people complain about.)

However, it’s less effective than Viagra because you need to take more of it to achieve the same results – the icariin in Horny Goat Weed blocks PDE5 with a half maximal effective concentration of 4.62 micromolar. For Viagra, it’s .42 micromolar. In plain English, that means you need to take eight to ten times as much icariin to achieve the same results as Viagra.

Constituents
Fats, saponins, and essential oil, with trace amounts of epimedins, epimedosides, icariin, magnflorin, and quercetin.


Damiana

Latin Name: Turnera aphrodisiaca, Turnea diffusa

Other names: Mexican damiana, Old woman’s broom

Part Used: Leaves

Description: Damiana is a small shrub with yellow flowers. The plant prefers dry, sunny sandy or rocky soils and is found growing in the deserts of of Texas, Mexico, and Central America.

History: Damiana was traditionally used by the Mayan civilization as an aphrodisiac. In Mexico it has long been drank as a tea just before lovemaking.

Aphrodisiac Properties: Damiana promotes circulation to the genitals and increases stimulation and sensitivity in the area. It is used for treating low libido in both men and women. Physiologically damiana increases sperm count in men, but seems to have more of a psychological effect in women; men may not notice so much it’s effects in increasing desire .

Damiana calms the nerves, allowing a more relaxed state of mind for lovemaking; it can even produce a mild euphoria in some individuals. When taken before bed it may induce erotic dreams.

Other Uses: Damiana is used as a muscle relaxant and is beneficial in pain management. It is a known mood elevator and is commonly used to relieve anxiety, depression, and mental exhaustion. Damiana is shown to balance hormones, helping women with irregular menstrual cycles and during menopause. Damiana improves digestive disorders and helps to relieve constipation and flatulence. It is a diuretic and is useful in cases of edema, prostrate complaints and urinary or vaginal infections.

Damiana combines well with other sexual boosters including tribulus, horny goat weed, and muira puama.

General Safety, Cautions & Side Effects: Damiana is considered a very safe herb. No adverse reactions or unpleasant side effects have been reported.

Constituents
The leaves contain up to 1% volatile oil consisting of 1,8-cineole, p-cymene, alpha- and beta-pinene, thymol, alpha-copaene, and calamene among other chemicals. The dry matter of the leaf includes a characteristic brown, bitter substance called damianin as well as tannins, flavonoids, beta-sitosterol, and the glycosides gonzalitosin, arbutin, and tetraphyllin B


Adaptogenic Herb Maca Root

History

Maca root has been used by native Indians in Peru as a vital ingredient to health for thousands of years. Maca’s use goes back to around 3800 B.C., when Peruvian Indians cultivated and ate it for both its nutritional and medicinal value. Centuries later in 1549 A.D., records indicate that, during his time in Peru, the Spanish explorer Captain de Soto received Maca from the Indians as a gift in return for his help in improving methods of animal husbandry in the Peruvian Castille region. By 1572, as Maca’s health-giving properties gained notoriety, the Chinchayochas Indians had begun using Maca root for barter. It was not until 1843 that this plant was studied by scientists and given the botanical name of Lepidium meyenii, Walpers after German Botanist Gerhard Walpers.

Maca root grows in the mountains of Peru at high altitudes of 7,000 to 11,000 feet, making it the highest altitude growing plant in the world. Maca is a radish-like root vegetable that is related to the potato family, and is tuberous and spherical in form. The root itself is about three to six centimeters across and 4.7 centimeters in length. There are four recognized types of Maca Root based on the color of the root. Root color varies from creamy yellow or light pink to dark purple or black.

Chemically Maca root contains significant amounts of amino acids, carbohydrates, and minerals including calcium, phosphorous, zinc, magnesium, iron, as well as vitamins B1, B2, B12, C and E. Peruvian Maca also includes a number of glycosides.

During the height of the Incan empire, legend has it that Incan warriors would consume maca before entering into battle. This would make them fiercely strong. But after conquering a city the Incan soldiers were prohibited from using maca, to protect the conquered women from their powerful sexual impulses. Thus as far back as 500 years ago, maca’s reputation for enhancing strength, libido and fertility was already well established in Peru.

Nutrition

As a nutritional supplement, Peruvian Maca has generalized tonic effects on the biochemical functioning of the human body. Chief among these effects is the enhancement of endocrine function. The endocrine system includes all of the glands, and the hormones they secrete, that exist in the body and that control such conditions as fertility, sexual function, digestion, brain and nervous system physiology, and energy levels. Hormonal regulation is responsible for all of the physiological attributes that enable us to enjoy the myriad sensations of being vibrantly alive, including those related to sexual arousal, physical activity and mental-emotional states of being. Maca root has also been called an adaptogen, which means that it increases the body’s ability to defend itself against both physical and mental weakening, hence potential illness. It is believed it achieves this by supporting adrenal and pituitary gland health, both of which underlie proper endocrine function.

In-depth analysis of maca conducted in 1998 shows that maca contains about 10 percent protein, almost 60 percent carbohydrate, and an assortment of fatty acids. These ingredients are common and nothing special. But the investigators also discovered two groups of novel compounds, the macamides and the macaenes. These agents are believed to be directly responsible for maca’s sex-boosting powers.

How Can Maca Benefit You?:

Male:

Increases energy (Chronic Fatigue)

Treat sexual dysfunction (Loss of Libido)

Increases stamina & athletic performance

Nourishes glandular system

Fertility enhancement

Improves physical and emotional well being

Promotes mental clarity

Balance hormones

Female:

Treat PMS (Mood Swings)

Menopause symptom relief (Hot Flashes)

Sexual stimulation

Nourishes glandular system

HRT alternative(Hormone Replacement Therapy)

Increases stamina & athletic performance

Increases energy (Chronic Fatigue)

Balance hormones

Constituents
High in minerals (calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc), sterols (6 found), up to 20 essential fatty acids, lipids, fiber, carbohydrates, protein, and un to 20 amino acids (7 of which are essential amino acids.


Ginger

From its origin to the present, ginger is the world’s most widely cultivated herb. Testimonials of both the medicinal and economic importance of ginger have been recorded as far back as five thousand-year-old Greek literature to 200 B.C. Ancient literature from the Middle East, Asia and Europe write of its impact. Chinese records chronicle the immense wealth associated with growing acres of ginger. Trade in spices like ginger could easily be associated with one’s wealth and power. In the Middle Ages, as little as just one pound was worth 1 shilling and 7 pence, approximately equivalent to the price of a sheep. Having such a rich history, it’s easy to see how explorers like Marco Polo and Vasco da Gama were careful to document the cultivation of ginger.

The historical reverence for and usage of ginger is simply staggering. Ginger had great historic, medicinal value as a spiritual beverage, aphrodisiac, digestive aid, etc. Traditional Chinese and Ayurvedic Indian systems viewed ginger as a healing gift from God. Chinese pharmacopeias claim long term use of fresh ginger as putting a person in contact with the spiritual advantages. Writings of the Koran describe ginger as a beverage of the holiest heavenly spirits. Its healing heritage is unmatched in the history of medicine.

Ginger has been valued over cultures and centuries as a powerful aphrodisiac and fertility enhancer. Called “The Universal Medicine” in Ayurveda, lovers have long relied on ginger’s internal fire-enhancing properties to heat things up.

Using ginger in foods, sweets, or tea has long been touted as a way to absorb its aphrodisiac qualities. Ginger’s potent and distinct smell awakens our olfactory glands and its warming properties stimulate our circulatory system. Its relaxing properties, such as easing digestion and muscle relief, all work to put the body in a relaxed state.

Ginger is also touted as a natural fertility booster. One study of Zingiber Officinale(ginger) demonstrated pro-fertility properties in rats and increased “sperm motility and viability.” Ginger is also thought to invigorate the reproductive organs and possibly assist with impotency and premature ejaculation.

Constituents
1,8-cineole, 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 8-shogaol, acetic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, alpha-phellandrene, alpha-pinene, alpha-terpinene, alpha-terpineol, arginine, ascorbic acid, beta-bisolene, beta-carotene, beta-pinene, beta-sitosterol, boron, caffeic acid, camphor, capsaicin, chlorogenic acid, curcumene, gingerols, sesquiphellandrene, zingiberene, resins, starches, fats, proteins.


Cordyceps Sinensis, Medicinal Mushroom

History and Cultivation

Cordyceps Sinensis, also known as “Winter Worm, Summer Grass”, is a rare and exotic medicinal mushroom that has been used for a long time in China and Tibet. For at least a thousand years according to the written record. It has always been very highly regarded, but it has also been the most expensive herbal raw material in the world. This is because it only grows at high elevation in the Himalayas around Tibet and Nepal and in small border sections of India and China. The high altitude makes its collection difficult, and this rarity of Cordyceps has limited its use by the general public. The great demand and the limited supply act to drive the price up, sometimes to as much as $35,000 a pound! The scarcity and high price lead many people to try to cultivate Cordyceps like a normal farm product. But unlike the common button mushroom that we find on pizzas worldwide, Cordyceps proved to be extremely difficult to grow.

It was not until 1972 that the first successful Cordyceps cultivation was achieved. The first Cordyceps cultures were isolated by the Chinese Academy of Sciences in that year. These strains were not isolated from Tibet, where most of the top quality Cordyceps comes from, but rather they were isolated from specimens found in Qinghai province in Central China. Originally three different strains of Cordyceps were isolated. The first three strains, named CS-1, CS-2 and CS-3, did not have the fast growth characteristics that make commercial cultivation practical. It was the fourth culture that had been isolated by this institute, named CS-4, that was hardy and fast growing. So this CS-4 strain was chosen for commercial production. Different strains in mushrooms are like different breeds in dogs. Chihuahuas and Golden Retrievers and Great Danes are all dogs, but they are all quite different in terms of size and personality. They are not alike at all. Or consider apples, different strains like the Red Delicious, or the green Granny Smith apples, or the Yellow Delicious apples are all apples, but they taste quite different, and they have different sugar content and even different textures and uses. Or as a scientist would say, they all have a different “Analytical Profile”. Not all Cordyceps are the same, just like not all apples or all dogs are the same.

Cordyceps sinensis is a tiny fungal growth found in the Tibetan highland. This worm like mushroom grows over insects and vegetation as it is of a parasitic nature. This aphrodisiac fungus is a boon to men and women suffering from sexual imperfections and disabilities. The Cordyceps extract helps to enhance the erectile function of a male by increasing the libido. It also has the power to overcome impotence, while showing an improvement in the sperm’s motility.

Cordyceps highly influences the release of testosterone, by increasing the blood circulation and thus making the erection sturdier and hence improving the overall lovemaking desire. These bursts of desire were noted by the herders, who were grazing their yaks on the mountains of Tibet. These yaks were consuming Cordyceps mushrooms and then were displaying a rise in their energy levels and vigor.

Cordyceps benefits males as well as females
This little mushroom was an expensive treat used specially by royal families in the olden days to fight erectile dysfunction and to increase male virility and stamina. But recent studies prove that Cordyceps – Libido and Erectile Function is beneficial for men as well as women who have infertility issues. It is used as a rejuvenator to get the energy levels at its peak by increasing the libido and curing male impotence.

There are many medications available in the market to fight erectile disfunction, but these medications can harm your body by having some very bad side effects. On the other hand, Cordyceps is free of any side effects and can be taken without any fear. As this fungus grows in the wild and unclean conditions like on caterpillar carcass, arrangements have been made to cultivate this valuable and exotic fungus in much cleaner and controlled conditions, for commercial usage. The components found in the cultured Cordyceps are far more effective than the wild ones.

Apart from being a highly effective medicine, Cordyceps – Libido and Erectile Function also helps to improve the quality of life amongst males and females by fighting infertility and impotence.

Constituents
Adenine, adenosine, uracil, uridine, guanidine, guanosine, hypoxanthine, inosine, thymine, thymidine, and deoxyuridine.

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