ENERGY SUPPORTING RESEARCH

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History Natural Energy Boosting Guarana

Cultivation of Guarana, dates back to pre-Columbian times to the Indian people, who were the first inhabitants of the Amazon. Botanists believe that plants found today are the remains of this cultivation, and currently grown by the indigenous Maués and Andira tribes from the ‘lower Amazon’. The Indians initially used the stick of the Guarana for healing purposes, and grated it with the sharp, rasp-like tongue of the Pirarucu fish. The grated powder was then mixed into a drink with water and sugar.

Energy

One of the most powerful benefits of guarana is its energizing effects. The plant directly stimulates the central nervous system and may be taken in small doses to fight fatigue and increase activity levels.

Guaraná seeds contain more caffeine than any other plant in the world with levels ranging from 2 to 8%, more than coffee beans, which contain approximately 1-2.5% caffeine. Thus, Guaraná contains about four times as much caffeine as coffee. Guarana may be more effective than coffee with regards to its energizing power, as guarana is released more slowly into the body to provide sustained energy. Guaraná seeds also contain traces of theobromine and theophylline, other alkaloids in the xanthine group. The evolutionary ‘purpose’ of the xanthines is unclear, but they may help protect the plants from attack by insect pests, herbivores and pathogens. In humans, xanthines stimulate the central nervous system, increase secretion of gastric acid and serve as a bronchodilator and a diuretic.

Constituents
Guaranine and the alkaloids theobromine and theophylline, caffeine


Adaptogenic Herb Roseroot 

A unique arctic herb that grows and thrives in dry, sandy ground at high altitudes. Roseroot has a legendary history dating back thousands of years. In 77 A.D., the Greek physician Dioscorides documented the medical applications of the plant. The Vikings depended on the herb to enhance their physical strength and endurance, while Chinese emperors sent expeditions to Siberia to bring back “the golden root” for medicinal preparations.

Research on Roseroot aka Rhodiola rosea and other medicinal herbs was part of the Soviet Union’s great push to compete with the West in military development, the arms race, space exploration, Olympic sports, science, medicine, and industry. It is a popular plant in traditional medical systems in Eastern Europe and Asia, with a reputation for stimulating the nervous system, decreasing depression, enhancing work performance and eliminating fatigue.

Rhodiola rosea (pronounced /”Roh-dee-oh-luh Rose-ay-uh”/) is a powerful adaptogen that increases resistance to physical and mental stress. However, rhodiola does much more than that. It also enhances your mood, focus and physical energy while reducing anxiety, depression and fatigue. And the list of benefits goes on. It is one of those rare and magical herbs that has so many varied benefits, you have to marvel at how Mother Nature could concentrate so much healing power into a single plant!

For the use of:

• Mental exhaustion

• Low energy

• Weakened immune system

• Stress

• Tiredness and loss of vitality

Effect:

• Increases physical and mental performance

• Prevents tiredness and loss of vitality

• Lessen physical and mental stress (depression)

• Increases the resistance to cold and flu

• Increase sexual lust

• Improves mental mood and outlook

Constituents

Phenylpropanoids such as rosavin, rosarin and rosin are typical components of Rhodiola rosea root. Other constituents include salidroside (a hydroxyphenethyl (tyrosol) glucoside) and the monoterpene rosiridin. Salidroside is present in a variety of species, including some outside the Rhodiola genus. The term rosavins is used collectively for rosavin, rosin and rosarin. Because of the occurrence of salidroside in other species, Rhodiola extracts are best standardised for both rosavins and salidroside. The naturally occurring ratio of rosavins to salidroside in the authentic root is approximately 3:1.

Other constituents of Rhodiola root include flavonoids, tannins and an essential oil. (In comparison with some other medicinal roots, Rhodiola root contains a low content of essential oil.) In terms of the characteristic rose fragrance of the root, several compounds with a rose odor and other floral notes have been identified from specimens grown in Norway. Geraniol was found to be the main rose-like odor compound, which is one of the most abundant monoterpene alcohols in the essential oil from roses.


Cordyceps Medicinal Mushroom

History and Cultivation

Cordyceps Sinensis, also known as “Winter Worm, Summer Grass”, is a rare and exotic medicinal mushroom that has been used for a long time in China and Tibet, for at least a thousand years according to the written record. It has always been very highly regarded, but it has also been the most expensive herbal raw material in the world. This is because it only grows at high elevations in the Himalayas around Tibet and Nepal and in small border sections of India and China. The high altitude makes its collection difficult, and this rarity of Cordyceps has limited its use by the general public. The great demand and the limited supply act to drive the price up, sometimes to as much as $35,000 a pound! The scarcity and high price lead many people to try to cultivate Cordyceps like a normal farm product. But unlike the common button mushroom that we find on pizzas worldwide, Cordyceps proved to be extremely difficult to grow.

It was not until 1972 that the first successful Cordyceps cultivation was achieved. The first Cordyceps cultures were isolated by the Chinese Academy of Sciences in that year. These strains were not isolated from Tibet, where most of the top quality Cordyceps comes from, but rather they were isolated from specimens found in Qinghai province in Central China. Originally three different strains of Cordyceps were isolated. The first three strains, named CS-1, CS-2 and CS-3, did not have the fast growth characteristics that make commercial cultivation practical. It was the fourth culture that had been isolated by this institute, named CS-4, that was hardy and fast growing. So this CS-4 strain was chosen for commercial production. Different strains in mushrooms are like different breeds in dogs. Chihuahuas and Golden Retrievers and Great Danes are all dogs, but they are all quite different in terms of size and personality. They are not alike at all. Or consider apples, different strains like the Red Delicious, or the green Granny Smith apples, or the Yellow Delicious apples are all apples, but they taste quite different, and they have different sugar content and even different textures and uses. Or as a scientist would say, they all have a different “Analytical Profile”. Not all Cordyceps are the same, just like not all apples or all dogs are the same.

Cordyceps a Cure-All

Cordyceps Sinensis has been used in traditional Chinese medicine as a cure-all. Chinese use it to heal lung, heart and kidney diseases, to treat fatigue, cancer as well as male and female sexual dysfunction, to relieve pain, to enhance overall health, and to promote longevity.

Due to its rarity, and legendary efficacy against a variety of health conditions, Cordyceps has held, and continues to hold, a highly esteemed position in the vast ranks of Chinese herbal remedies.

Most people in the West have come to know this once rare herbal medicine in only the last twenty years or so, thanks to the advancement in modern cultivation technology. Those techniques have dramatically lowered the cost of consumption, and have allowed for more in-depth research into Cordyceps healing potential.

Today, modern scientific research has proven what Chinese practitioners have noted for centuries. Numerous clinical trials have proceeded to scientifically prove that Cordyceps works well in treating and healing a myriad of medical problems.

Traditionally used to increase vitality, alertness, and virility, Cordyceps is now favored by Olympic athletes and training enthusiasts to improve physical performance and endurance.

Research suggests that Cordyceps may improve the BIO ENERGY status of animals and humans. This would happen because Cordyceps improves the internal balance mechanism, thus making the utilization of OXYGEN more efficient. These properties may account for the overall physical enhancement, the added endurance, and the anti-fatigue effects which are seen in individuals using the Cordyceps supplement.

How It Enhances Physical Stamina

Cordyceps is best known medicinally for increasing physical stamina.  It can cause a change in the biological action that allows for an increase in cellular oxygen absorption by up to 40 percent.

In 1993, the Chinese National Games brought this mushroom to the attention of the world’s sporting authorities.  A group of nine women athletes who had been taking Cordyceps shattered nine world records. There have also been many reports of amazing improvements in performance in various sports due to the intake of Cordyceps. This has led to talk of possibly banning Cordyceps from sporting events as it could give an unfair advantage to those who are able to benefit from it.

Nowadays, most professional athletes who use it will not admit that they do, since there is a possibility that some sporting authority will outlaw its use.  However, the Canadian Olympic Committee has taken an official stand on Cordyceps, ruling that it is allowed in professional competition.

Another benefit of Cordyceps sinensis is that is has also been shown to improve liver functions. The liver is the living filter of the body, cleaning the blood and all other fluids of impurities. Without a functioning liver, the body cannot survive.

The clinical research in controlled studies has revealed that elderly patients suffering from fatigue and senility- related symptoms reported relief in these areas after using Cordyceps for only 30 days.

Various studies have shown that Cordyceps sinensis improved the flow of blood in the body by relaxing the smooth muscles of the blood vessels and allowing them to expand, and also enhanced the functioning of the heart and lungs.

Still, the best-known medicinal action of Cordyceps sinensis is the increase of physical stamina, or endurance, since Cordyceps has been shown to improve the internal balance mechanism, causing oxygen to be utilized more efficiently.

Constituents
Adenine, adenosine, uracil, uridine, guanidine, guanosine, hypoxanthine, inosine, thymine, thymidine, and deoxyuridine.


Adaptogenic Herb Maca Root

History

Maca root has been used by native Indians in Peru as a vital ingredient to health for thousands of years. Maca’s use goes back to around 3800 B.C., when Peruvian Indians cultivated and ate it for both its nutritional and medicinal value. Centuries later in 1549 A.D., records indicate that, during his time in Peru, the Spanish explorer Captain de Soto received Maca from the Indians as a gift in return for his help in improving methods of animal husbandry in the Peruvian Castille region. By 1572, as Maca’s health-giving properties gained notoriety, the Chinchayochas Indians had begun using Maca root for barter. It was not until 1843 that this plant was studied by scientists and given the botanical name of Lepidium meyenii, Walpers after German Botanist Gerhard Walpers.

Maca root grows in the mountains of Peru at high altitudes of 7,000 to 11,000 feet, making it the highest altitude growing plant in the world. Maca is a radish-like root vegetable that is related to the potato family, and is tuberous and spherical in form. The root itself is about three to six centimeters across and 4.7 centimeters in length. There are four recognized types of Maca Root based on the color of the root. Root color varies from creamy yellow or light pink to dark purple or black.

Chemically Maca root contains significant amounts of amino acids, carbohydrates, and minerals including calcium, phosphorous, zinc, magnesium, iron, as well as vitamins B1, B2, B12, C and E. Peruvian Maca also includes a number of glycosides.

During the height of the Incan empire, legend has it that Incan warriors would consume maca before entering into battle. This would make them fiercely strong. But after conquering a city the Incan soldiers were prohibited from using maca, to protect the conquered women from their powerful sexual impulses. Thus as far back as 500 years ago, maca’s reputation for enhancing strength, libido and fertility was already well established in Peru.

Nutrition

As a nutritional supplement, Peruvian Maca has generalized tonic effects on the biochemical functioning of the human body. Chief among these effects is the enhancement of endocrine function. The endocrine system includes all of the glands, and the hormones they secrete, that exist in the body and that control such conditions as fertility, sexual function, digestion, brain and nervous system physiology, and energy levels. Hormonal regulation is responsible for all of the physiological attributes that enable us to enjoy the myriad sensations of being vibrantly alive, including those related to sexual arousal, physical activity and mental-emotional states of being. Maca root has also been called an adaptogen, which means that it increases the body’s ability to defend itself against both physical and mental weakening, hence potential illness. It is believed it achieves this by supporting adrenal and pituitary gland health, both of which underlie proper endocrine function.

In-depth analysis of maca conducted in 1998 shows that maca contains about 10 percent protein, almost 60 percent carbohydrate, and an assortment of fatty acids. These ingredients are common and nothing special. But the investigators also discovered two groups of novel compounds, the macamides and the macaenes. These agents are believed to be directly responsible for maca’s sex-boosting powers.

How Can Maca Benefit You?:

Male:

Increases energy (Chronic Fatigue)

Treat sexual dysfunction (Loss of Libido)

Increases stamina & athletic performance

Nourishes glandular system

Fertility enhancement

Improves physical and emotional well being

Promotes mental clarity

Balance hormones

Female:

Treat PMS (Mood Swings)

Menopause symptom relief (Hot Flashes)

Sexual stimulation

Nourishes glandular system

HRT alternative(Hormone Replacement Therapy)

Increases stamina & athletic performance

Increases energy (Chronic Fatigue)

Balance hormones

Constituents
High in minerals (calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc), sterols (6 found), up to 20 essential fatty acids, lipids, fiber, carbohydrates, protein, and up to 20 amino acids (7 of which are essential amino acids).


Siberian Eleuthero

Various forms of Ginseng have been used in medicine for more than 7000 years. Several species grow around the world, and though some are preferred for specific benefits, all are considered to have similar properties as an effective general rejuvenator.

Siberian Eleuthero is a distant relative of American and Asian Ginsengs (Panax sp.), with some overlap in its uses, but is a distinct plant with different active chemical components and does not contain ginsenosides, the active ingredients found in both Asian and American Ginseng. Eleuthero displays many properties common with true ginseng. Records of Chinese medicine describe the usage of Eleuthero for at least two thousand years for the purposes of increasing energy, longevity and vitality, improving general health, restoring weak memory, relieving stiffness and tension in the soft tissues and joints, as well as increasing resistance to respiratory infections.

Today Eleuthero is one of the most well researched adaptogens. Numerous experimental and clinical studies confirm its adaptogenic properties including ability to increase non-specific body resistance to stress, fatigue, disease, and harmful chemicals.

Clinical data supports the use of Eleuthero as a restorative tonic for enhancing mental and physical performance in cases of exhaustion and tiredness, weakness, and during recovery following an attack of disease, a surgical intervention or an injury. A review of clinical trials involving over 2,100 healthy individuals found that Eleuthero root improved resistance to adverse physical conditions such as heat, noise, increased work-load, and exercise. Eleuthero root also increased mental alertness and work output as well as improved both the quality of work performed under stressful conditions and athletic performance.

Eleuthero has been shown to normalize adrenal and thyroid function – the two critical self regulation mechanisms in our body. It also balanced blood pressure and blood sugar levels in both animal and experimental studies. While analyzing Eleuthero composition researchers have identified six compounds with antioxidant properties, four compounds exhibiting anticancer actions and two compounds producing immune-enhancing effects. Adding an Eleuthero preparation to blood samples from healthy donors resulted in 30-45% increase in phagocytosis – our body’s protective reaction involving capturing of waste material, harmful microorganisms and other foreign inclusions by white blood cells.

Another study demonstrated that a Eleuthero root exhibits strong antiviral activity. It inhibited the reproduction of human rhinovirus (one of the major causes of the common cold), human respiratory syncytial virus (cause of respiratory illness), and influenza A (flu) virus in infected cell cultures. Eleuthero has even been shown to improve short-term memory and overall mental performance in healthy individuals. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study done on middle-aged people found that Eleuthero significantly improved their selective memory, feelings of well-being, and activity levels.

Eleuthero’s anti-fatigue effect as well as its beneficial influence on endurance and the capacity to work (both mentally and physically) might be explained by its ability to increase the capability of the body’s cells to utilize phosphorus-containing energy molecules and to dispose of various byproducts of metabolism. Furthermore, Eleuthero has been shown to increase the resistance of rats to the toxic effects of harmful chemicals.

Siberian Eleuthero is known all over the world now as one of the best adaptogenic agents ever used by man. There just isn’t much else that can deliver so much wonderful raw working energy. It is truly the king of adaptogens.

Summary, Siberian Eleuthero (Eleutherococcus senticosis) also known as Siberian Ginseng is more tonifying than the true Ginsengs (Panax sp.). It is neutral energetically and so is appropriate for daily use. Taken regularly, it enhances immune function, increases cortisone levels and anti-inflammatory response, and it promotes improved cognitive and physical performance in human studies. Also remember, unlike the Panax sp. it will lower high blood pressure, not raise it (unless it is already very low).

Chemical constituents
The major constituents are ciwujianoside A-E, eleutheroside B (syringin), eleutherosides A-M, friedelin, isofraxidin and acanthoside-D.


Vasodilator Herb Cayenne

The Capsicum Pepper are ancient natives of the New World, the oldest known specimens coming from Mexico. From seeds found on the floors of caves that were ancient human dwellings and from ancient fossil feces, scientists have found the people were eating peppers as early as 7000 BC. Presumably originating as wild plants, hot peppers were cultivated between 5200 and 3400 BC, and are among the oldest cultivated plants of the world. In South America, peppers recovered at the archaeological site of Huaca Prieta have been dated at 2500 BC, these specimens being larger than the wild peppers and therefore presumably cultivated. Archaeological research in the Tehucan Valley revealed that among other crops, chilies were cultivated during the Coxcatlan era, around 4000 BC.

Cayenne has also been used medicinally for thousands of years. Capsicum being a stimulant not only rushes you with natural energy & alertness but it is also high in Vitamins A, C, B complex, calcium and potassium. One of the most important uses of Cayenne is as a circulatory stimulant, an herb that feeds the necessary elements into the cell structure of the arteries, veins, and capillaries.

Cayenne and Health

Cayenne is a medicinal and nutritional herb. Many herbalists believe Cayenne is the most useful and valuable herb in the herb kingdom.

Cayenne helps the entire digestive system. It has been used for cramping pains and gas. It is great for constipation and helps with elimination. Cayenne can help rebuild the tissue in the stomach and the peristaltic action in the intestines. It aids assimilation, and helps the body to create hydrochloric acid, which is so necessary for good digestion and assimilation, especially of proteins. All this becomes very significant when we realize that the digestive system plays the most important role in mental, emotional and physical health, as it is through the digestive system that the brain, glands, muscles and every other part of the body are fed and cleansed. Chili peppers like cayenne have a bad–and undeserved–reputation for contributing to stomach ulcers. Not only do they not cause ulcers, these hot peppers may help prevent them by killing bacteria you may have ingested, while powerfully stimulating the cells lining the stomach to secrete protective buffering juices that prevent ulcer formation. The use of cayenne pepper is actually associated with a reduced risk of stomach ulcers.

Pain. Capsaicin is the active ingredient in Cayenne. Capsaicin dulls pain sensations by interrupting the chemical messages sent to pain-sensing nerves. Over-the-counter topical creams, such as Zostrix and Dolorac, contain capsaicin as an active ingredient. These applications are used to relieve pain caused by muscle spasms, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, shingles, diabetic neuropathy, and even phantom pain caused by amputation. Capsaicin cream is well established as a modestly helpful pain-relieving treatment for post-herpetic neuropathy (the pain that lingers after an attack of shingles) peripheral neuropathy (nerve pain that occurs most commonly as a side effect of diabetes, but may occur with HIV as well as other conditions), nerve pain after cancer surgery and arthritis pain.

Improved circulation. There is no other herb which increases your blood flow faster than cayenne. Cayenne moves blood. It is a circulatory tonic and helps improve circulation. It is thought that cayenne helps reduce cholesterol and triglycerides, thus promoting a healthy vascular system. Cayenne and other red chili peppers have been shown to reduce blood cholesterol, triglyceride levels, and platelet aggregation, while increasing the body’s ability to dissolve fibrin, a substance integral to the formation of blood clots. Cultures where hot peppers like cayenne are used liberally have a much lower rate of heart attack, stroke and pulmonary embolism. Capsaicin is also a natural expectorant, and helps thin mucus, allowing you to expel it more easily. For this reason capsaicin is often included in home remedies for cough, and can be helpful when combined with other medicines as a treatment for pneumonia. If you suffer from cold feet, try cayenne.

Metabolism booster. More blood means more oxygen racing through your body. This means more energy! Lose Weight! All that heat you feel after eating hot chili peppers takes energy–and calories to produce. Even sweet red peppers have been found to contain substances that significantly increase thermogenesis (heat production) and oxygen consumption for more than 20 minutes after they are eaten. It is no wonder cayenne is included in many diet and weight loss products!

It makes other herbs work better! If someone asked, “What are the 10 most important herbs to have in the home?” We’d say, at the top of the list is cayenne pepper, because it will make the other 9 work better. Cayenne works as a catalyst to improve all the other herbs and nutrients you are taking in.

It is recommended that the cayenne powder be used, as opposed to capsules. It is believed that you are only getting a small part of the potential effect of cayenne pepper by taking it in capsules. When you put cayenne in your mouth, your stomach secretes digestive juices before the cayenne ever gets there. So when the cayenne gets down there, your stomach is ready for it.

Constituents
1,8-cineole, 2-octanone, alanine, alpha-carotene, alpha-linoleic acid, alpha-phellandrene, arginine, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, betaine, campesterol, capsaicin, capsanthin, carvone, fiber, folacin, glutamic acid, hesperidin, isoleucine, isovaleric acid, kaempferol, manganese, myrcene, p-coumaric acid, potassium, proline, quercetin, scopoletin, solanine, thiamin, thujone, tryptophan, valine, zeaxanthin, zinc.

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