TESTOSTERONE SUPPORTING RESEARCH

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Suma Root (Pfaffia paniculata)

Common Use
Suma root, also known as Para Todo (For All Things) is called “Brazilian Ginseng” by some herbalists and is one of the most highly regarded South American herbs. While not a true member of the Panax ginseng family, it is an authentic adaptogenic herb, and as such exerts a normalizing influence on your body and can help regulate and enhance your endocrine, nervous, digestive, cardiovascular and immune systems. South American Natives have used Suma for centuries to treat wounds, skin rashes, low energy and sexual disinterest. The overall effect is to give you an increased resistance to stress while having a cell-building and regenerating effect.

History
The rain forests in Brazil are home to suma root. Some of the world’s best therapeutic plants are found throughout the rainforests of South America. Pfaffia paniculata, better known as suma, is a ground vine whose root has been used for centuries to promote health. In Portuguese, Suma Root is called “para tudo” which means “for everything”. The name is likely in reference to use it being used to improve various ailments including fatigue, anxiety, erectile malaise, and stress.

Ancient Uses
Ancient tribes of South America have high regard for the Suma root. It is used to treat fatigue, loss of weight, stress, low immune system functioning, low sex drive and many other illnesses.

Modern Uses
In modern times, the Suma root was studied and seen to contain amino acids, minerals, electrolytes, saponins and many other chemicals that may support its therapeutic healing abilities. It is used to treat hormonal imbalances and can also be beneficial to help people with thyroid problems.

It has anti inflammatory effects that could benefit people who suffer with arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It can reduce swelling, pain, inflammation and reduced joint mobility. It has the ability to enhance immunity and to increase libido as well. It can provide cell and tissue rejuvenating effects; this is the main reason why it is thought to have anti cancer preventing capabilities.

Experts believe that the Suma root is a promising treatment to reduce cancer cells and leukemia cells. The ability of this herbal remedy to increase cellular oxygenation is possibly the backbone of this claim.

The Suma root has a spicy yet vanilla like flavor and is usually made into teas. When reduced to powdered form, it can be sprinkled on foods and can also be used to add flavor to certain beverages.

Suma and Strength Building

Brazilian ginseng contains the natural anabolic agent, beta-ecdysterone, and three ecdysteroid glycosides, which demonstrably increase the production of muscle tissue to significantly enhance sports performance, yet without the unpleasant side affects that tend to be associated with steroids. It also contains high amounts of the trace element germanium, which is thought to increase the supply of oxygen to our cells and thus has a positive effect on our stamina.

Suma also has a nickname of “The Russian Secret”, and that’s because back in 1976 a Russian scientist called V.N. Syrov extracted the ergogenic compound called ecdysterone from the plant, and found out that it exerted more of an anabolic effect in-vitro than Dianabol and methandrostenolone, which are both anabolic steroids.

After that Syrov introduced suma and ecdysterone extracts to the Russian olympic team, and conducted several trials on the herb and extracts…

Here’s one abstract from Syrov’s trial on amateur athletes:
Experiment participants first noted a “sense of well-being” within 3-5 days, and a new increased desire to get to their next training session. Weight lifters experienced much less pain during heavy lifts when they took Suma. These researchers recommended 500 mg. for every 40 lbs. of body weight, spread out evenly in two divided doses, for the maximum gain in muscle strength and size. During a 54-day period (almost 8 weeks), the dosage was only taken on days 1-10, 16-25, and days 31-40. Despite the 24 days off the herb, researchers reported that Suma’s effects were still felt by the athletes on the off days.

This all happened during the cold war, and as suma gave a competitive edge to the Russian athletes who participated in the Olympics against U.S, it’s pretty clear that the knowledge and research conducted by V.N Syrov was kept as a secret…

Properties & Constituents
Suma root is also quite valuable nutritionally as it contains essential vitamins, minerals, amino acids, plant sterols, steroidal saponins, nortripenes, ecdysteroids, pfaffic acids, electrolytes and trace elements. Researchers have identified 152 chemical constituents in the root, including 19 amino acids, electrolytic and trace minerals such as iron, magnesium, cobalt, silica and zinc, as well as vitamins A, B-1, B-2, E, K1, K2 and pantothenic acid. It contains high amounts of the trace element germanium, which is a powerful immune stimulator. The germanium may be partly responsible for Suma’s powerful ability to bring more oxygen to the cells.

It is considered one of the richest sources of B-Ecdysterone, a plant hormone that can help maintain your youth and strength. B-Ecdysterone can also accelerate wound healing , along with allantoin (comfrey also contains allantoin), a known cellular rebuilder that is present in this plant. Research in Brazil, Japan and the United States has found unique natural substances in Suma called pfaffosides which are believed to regulate blood sugar levels. Suma helps regulate blood pressure, cholesterol, hormones (especially estrogen) and acid-base balance. You can benefit by using Suma root as a healing agent, tonic or aphrodisiac. Suma also has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties that can help alleviate chronic and acute pain. Not recommended if pregnant or nursing mothers.


Sarsaparilla Root

Sarsaparilla is a vine that grows in Central and South American rain forests, Jamaica, the Caribbean, Southeast Asia and Australia. It has a prickly stem, a long, tuberous root and a vine that can grow to as long as 50 feet. The sarsaparilla root has a slightly sweet, slightly spicy flavor and scent, and it is commonly used as a flavoring for carbonated soft drinks, especially root beer.

History and Archeology of Sarsaparilla

Sarsaparilla did not become well-known until the 16th century. During these times Caribbean and North American Indians suggested its use as a treatment for various skin ailments, urinary problems and to help maintain one’s youth and energy. Sarsaparilla root has been used for centuries by the indigenous peoples of Central and South America for sexual impotence, rheumatism, skin ailments, and as a general tonic for physical weakness. It has long been used by tribes in Peru and Honduras for headaches and joint pain, and against the common cold. Many shamans and medicine men in the Amazon use sarsaparilla root internally and externally for leprosy and other skin problems (such as psoriasis and dermatitis.) Leprosy can be common in areas where the disease is carried by armadillos (and particularly where armadillos are “on the menu” in indigenous diets). Sarsaparilla root also was used as a general tonic by indigenous tribes in South America, where New World traders found it and introduced it into European medicine in the 1400s.

European physicians considered sarsaparilla root an alterative, tonic, blood purifier, diuretic, and diaphoretic. A Smilax root from Mexico was introduced into European medicine in 1536, where it developed a strong following as a cure for syphilis and rheumatism. Since this time, the Smilax genus has had a long history of use for syphilis and other sexually-transmitted diseases throughout the world. With its reputation as a blood purifier, it was registered as an official herb in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia as a syphilis treatment from 1820 to 1910. From the 1500s to the present, sarsaparilla has been used as a blood purifier and general tonic and also has been used worldwide for gout, syphilis, gonorrhea, rheumatism, wounds, venereal disease, arthritis, fever, cough, scrofula, hypertension, digestive disorders, psoriasis, skin diseases, and cancer.

Using Sarsaparilla as a Supplement for Testosterone

Studies have shown that drinking tea that has been brewed using sarsaparilla root offers a high chance of stimulating the production of testosterone in the body. Sarsaparilla root contains diosgenin, which are steroid saponins that are known as essential building blocks for the production of hormones like testosterone in the body. By ingesting sarsaparilla root regularly, you can help to encourage the production of these essential hormones in the body which can be useful for maintaining good health and well being.

The Effects of Low Testosterone Levels

Believe it or not, testosterone levels are important for both men and women. Having an adequate amount of testosterone can help maintain energy levels, mood, and is also healthy for maintaining an active libido. Testosterone also plays a large role in helping to prevent weight gain, maintain healthy muscle mass in the body, and also may help to prevent serious issues such as heart disease. Studies have even considered that certain cancers may be linked to low testosterone levels.

Sarsaparilla Root & Testosterone

Many herbalists highly recommend sarsaparilla to both men and women alike in order to help improve testosterone levels in the body which can help to supplement good health overall. The effects that sarsaparilla tea have on improving testosterone can be useful for slowing aging, improving mood, and may even have a positive effect on memory. Sarsaparilla root is often preferred for being an all natural herb that comes with little to no side effects. It is recommended however that those who are pregnant, nursing, or are prescribed to medications consult with a doctor prior to drinking herbal teas in order to prevent any unwanted interactions.

Properties

Sarsaparilla root contains vitamins A, B-complex, C, and D; the minerals iron, manganese, sodium, silicon, sulfur, copper, zinc, and iodine; and the amino acids methionine and cysteine.

Muscle Growth

Sarsaparilla contains glycosides, which are a type of natural steroid. Many bodybuilders claim that sarsaparilla root helps to build muscle mass, acting in a manner similar to anabolic steroids, but without the negative side effects. However, this claim has not been sufficiently proven. Sarsaparilla also contains diogenin, which contains the hormones progesterone and testosterone, both useful in muscle growth. Sarsaparilla can also strengthen nerve fibers and brain, lung and spinal tissues.

Constituents
Coumarins, Starch, Tannic acid, Phenols, Tannins, Glucose, Iron, Magnesium, Saponins.


Velvet Bean (mucuna pruriens)

Velvet bean is an annual climbing vine that grows 3-18 m in height. It is indigenous to tropical regions, especially Africa, India, and the West Indies. Its flowers are white to dark purple and hang in long clusters. The plant also produces clusters of pods which contain seeds known as mucuna beans. The seed pods are covered with reddish-orange hairs that are readily dislodged and can cause intense irritation to the skin. The species name “pruriens” (from the Latin, “itching sensation”) refers to the results to be had from contact with the seed pod hairs.

TRIBAL AND HERBAL MEDICINE USES

In Central America, velvet beans have been roasted and ground to make a coffee substitute for decades; its goes by the common name of “nescafé” in these regions, as well as in Brazil, for this reason. It is still grown as a food crop by the Ketchi indigenous people in Guatemala; the bean is cooked as a vegetable. In Brazil the seed has been used internally for Parkinson’s disease, edema, impotence, intestinal gas, and worms. It is considered a diuretic, nerve tonic, and aphrodisiac. Externally it is applied to ulcers. Velvet bean has a long history of use in Indian Ayurvedic medicine, where it is used for worms, dysentery, diarrhea, snakebite, sexual debility, cough, tuberculosis, impotence, rheumatic disorders, muscular pain, sterility, gout, menstrual disorders, diabetes, and cancer. In India it is considered an aphrodisiac, menstrual promoter, uterine stimulant, nerve tonic, diuretic, and blood purifier.

Mucuna Pruriens and Testosterone

Mucuna pruriens, which goes by the common names of velvet bean and cowitch. This ingredient has been used for quite some time as it provides a great natural source of L-dopa and can help increase dopamine production in the brain.

Dopamine is the “feel-good” neurotransmitter, and by increasing its output, you can inherently boost mood and feelings of well-being. Dopamine also plays a key role in the supporting the body’s natural endrocrine system.

The mucuna-testosterone research was conducted at a university in India and included 150 male subjects (75 fertile and 75 infertile) between the ages of 25 and 40. Each subject was given 5,000 milligrams of mucuna seed powder every day for three months. Before and after the mucuna treatment, subjects had their testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), and prolactin levels tested, along with a few other parameters. The end result? Both testosterone and LH levels increased significantly while prolactin levels decreased. This happened in all subject groups—both fertile and infertile men. Testosterone increased by up to 43 percent and LH by 56 percent while prolactin levels decreased by as much as 32 percent! Those are pretty incredible results, and the decrease in prolactin is something that really sets mucuna apart from almost all other test boosters currently available.

Prolactin has several minor functions in the body, but it’s most well known for stimulating the mammary glands to produce milk (something we guys would never want!). On top of that, elevated levels of prolactin are shown to decrease testosterone and LH. So, by reducing prolactin, you can increase test and LH! On top of that, prolactin is associated with gynecomastia (man breasts). In addition to all of these amazing effects, the mucuna also had a profound effect on improving fertility in men, which makes sense considering there’s a correlation to fertility and greater testosterone levels.

The one important thing to remember when using mucuna to boost testosterone is that you must use a full-spectrum mucuna seed powder, which is exactly what was used in the research studies. In addition to providing L-dopa, a full-spectrum mucuna powder also provides a variety of other micronutrients and phytochemicals that have interrelated effects on increasing testosterone and LH.

Phytochemicals and Constituents of Mucuna pruriens
The seeds of velvet bean are high in protein, carbohydrates, lipids, fiber, and minerals. They are also rich in novel alkaloids, saponins, and sterols. The seeds of all mucuna species contain a high concentration of L-dopa; velvet bean seeds contain 7-10% L-dopa. Concentrations of serotonin also have been found in the pod, leaf and fruit. The stinging hairs of the seed pods contain the phytochemical mucunain, which is responsible for causing skin irritation and itch.

The main plant chemicals found in velvet bean include: alkaloids, alkylamines, arachidic acid, behenic acid, betacarboline, beta-sitosterol, bufotenine, cystine, dopamine, fatty acids, flavones, galactose d, gallic acid, genistein, glutamic acid, glutathione, glycine, histidine, hydroxygenistein, 5-hydroxytryptamine, isoleucine, l-dopa, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, lysine, mannose d, methionine, 6-methoxyharman, mucunadine, mucunain, mucunine, myristic acid, niacin, nicotine, oleic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, phenylalanine, prurienidine, prurienine, riboflavin, saponins, serine, serotonin, stearic acid, stizolamine, threonine, trypsin, tryptamine, tyrosine, valine, and vernolic acid.


Stinging Nettle

History

Stinging nettle is considered by many to be a bothersome pest, but the nettle has been used since ancient times as a source of food, fiber, and medicinal preparations.  In Denmark, burial shrouds made of nettle fabrics have been discovered that date back to the Bronze Age (3000-2000 BC). Europeans and Native Americans used the fibers from stinging nettle to make sailcloth, sacking, cordage, and fishing nets.  These fibers have also been used to produce cloth similar in feel and appearance to silky linen.  During World War I, the German Empire, plagued by textile shortages, used nettles as a substitute for cotton.  Captured German uniforms were found to be 85% nettle fiber.

Stinging Nettle and Muscle

European research has demonstrated that a concentrated extract from Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica) root contains a unique pathway for increasing free testosterone levels in blood.  A particular molecule in this extract has the ability to bind to sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) thus blocking the binding of testosterone.  This allows more free testosterone to circulate in the blood.  It is free testosterone that brings about the masculinization process not bound testosterone.  Bound testosterone is not available to work on the body.  It has been demonstrated that Nettle root extract components can actually displace testosterone when it is bound to SHBG.  Nettle root extract contains divanillyltetrahydrofuran which binds to SHBG.

Divanillyltetrahydrofuran is a lignan with the highest binding affinity of lignans.  Researchers have also shown that Nettle root is beneficial to prostrate health.  It is known that a metabolite of testosterone known as dihydrotestosterone (DHT) stimulates the prostate to grow eventually leading to prostate enlargement which generates urinary issues.  Nettle root contains components that inhibit the binding of DHT to various sites found on the prostate membrane thereby preventing benign prostatic hyperplasia.  Stinging Nettle root is often used in Europe to treat enlarged prostates.

Active and Inactive Testosterone

Most of the testosterone (around 90 percent) is made in the testes.  The other 10 percent is made in the adrenal glands.  As a steroidal hormone, testosterone is known to increase libido by acting on the brain and also functions as an anabolic hormone in developing skeletal muscle and bone.  Testosterone becomes bound to sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) when in the blood stream and very small amounts (around 2 percent) remains free in solution.  The rest of the testosterone is bound to albumin (around 20 percent).  Bound testosterone is not available to cell receptor sites and does not participate in skeletal muscle and bone development or libido-effects.  As males age, testosterone levels fall bringing about decreased libido, weight gain, muscle loss, and bone loss.  At this point in time, it is desirable to increase free-levels of testosterone to bring back sex drive, muscle tissue, and strong bones.

Testosterone levels can begin dropping as early as 35 years of age.  As testosterone levels begin to drop, interestingly SHBG levels begin to rise and in fact may increase by 40 percent.  So, as you age you end up with lower levels of free testosterone to maintain your masculinity.  SHBG is thought to be part of the aging process.

It has also been reported that the liver is involved with testosterone binding to SHBG.  Moreover, this liver-induced binding is increased with various drugs and alcohol consumption.  Excessive use of anti-hypertension medications, tranquilizers, and sedatives decrease libido.  In particular, beta-blockers and antidepressants are known to bring about sexual dysfunction.

It would seem reasonable that if it is possible to block testosterone from binding to SHBG that libido, muscle mass, and bone density would return to normal.  Simply, having more free testosterone available should maintain masculinity.  Furthermore, Stinging Nettle root inhibits an enzyme known as 5-alpha reductase.  This enzyme is responsible for conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT).  Recall that excess DHT causes prostatic hyperplasia (enlarged prostate) as well as hair loss.  Research has demonstrated that Nettle root extract contains divanillyltetrahydrofuran.  This molecule is responsible for displacing testosterone from SHBG.

Summary

Researchers have shown that concentrated Stinging Nettle root extract contains a molecule that has the ability to bind SHBG and block testosterone binding.  The molecule that is supposed to be responsible for this activity is known as divanillyltetrahydrofuran.  Blocking of testosterone binding to SHBG is believed to have the ability to boost free testosterone plasma levels.  If you are a bodybuilder or just want to raise low testosterone levels, Stinging Nettle root extract may be able to raise free testosterone levels which promotes increased libido, muscle mass, and healthy bone mass.

Chemical Constituents of Stinging Nettle

Serotonin, sterols, phytosterols, hydroxyl fatty acids, flavanol glycosides, beta-carotene, protein, fiber, Vitamins A, C, D, E, F, K, P, and B-Complexes, Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Selenium, Zinc, Iron, Magnesium, Boron, Sodium, Iodine, Chromium, Copper, Sulphur, Free Amino Acids (16 found), Calcium, Phosphorus and Potassium.


Medicinal Mushroom Chaga

Documented as early as 4600 years ago, ancient Asian and Siberian shaman relied upon Chaga, to maintain a healthy life energy balance (“Chi”), preserve youth, promote longevity, and boost the body’s immune system.

Throughout Tsarist Russia Chaga was the preferred medicine of kings and royalty. It is quite possible that Chaga is the reason why it is mainly Russians who hold the world strength records. From the 60s to the 90s the Russians nearly always defeated the best weight lifters that the world could produce. They kept Chaga a secret. But in one case an American, Fred Hatfield, was given some Chaga by the Russians to help him as a health aid. While taking Chaga, he broke the world record in the squat. (After that, the Russians stopped sending him Chaga).

Probably the main reason that Chaga gives muscular strength is because it contains certain sterols, which are similar to steroids. Sterols are lipids and a kind of wax. They strengthen cell walls. These waxes also include cancer-killing substances such as betulin.

Chaga and The Nobel Prize

The Chaga has been used in Russia as a folk medicine since the 16th century and Nobel Prize winning literalist Alexandr Solzhenitsyn credits it with curing his Cancer.

“He could not imagine any greater joy than to go away into the woods for months on end, to break off this chaga, crumble it, boil it up on a campfire, drink it and get well like an animal. To walk through the forest for months, to know no other care than to get better! Just as a dog goes to search for some mysterious grass that will save him . . .”From “The Cancer Ward” by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.

An extract of Chaga has been an approved cancer drug in Russia since 1955.

Chaga tea is used in the Russian folk medicine for a wide treatment of ailments including Skin, Lung and Stomach Cancer, gastritis, ulcers, TB and pain. Great for skin problems too.

Chaga: a Soviet State Secret Formula

Since the 1950’s, the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), in conjunction with approximately 1200 prominent scientists, conducted over 3,000 experiments involving over 500,000 people to study the effects of Adaptogens. The results of these studies were a protected Soviet Secret for 40 years. The Soviet government commanded athletes, astronauts and other Soviet elite to take Adaptogens on a daily basis to improve physical and mental work capacity. Now you too can experience the health benefits of this most researched of Adaptogen botanical that gave the Soviets such levels of well-being and performance.

It is believed that 70-80% of disease is caused by physical, emotional stress causing stress related health problems including headaches, ulcers, heart disease, sleep disorders, depression, brain fog and much more. Another 65 million Americans are estimated to be suffering from inadequate immune system function due to environmental lifestyle factors such as chemical exposure, pollution, drug therapy malnutrition, smoking, radiation and stress. Scientists are proving the best way to strengthen ones immune system is thru proper lifestyle habits including diet, exercise, and relaxation. The Soviet’s health Secret has been shown to have the ability to help keep the body healthy, the mind alert and support the immune function.

Soviet research on Chaga showed a potent mixture of Adaptogens that may show the following benefits:

Eliminate the Effects of Stress

Support immune Function

Improve Mental Clarity

Improve Physical Perforation’ Aging Effect

Regulate Function of Muscles and Nerves

Increase Capacity

Reduce Fatigue

Improve Resistance to Disease

Better Sleep

Helps Strengthen Your Immune System

Chaga Mushroom Constituents

SOD (Superoxide Dismutase), Copper, Calcium, Potassium, Manganese, Zinc, Iron, B-Vitamins, Sterols, Vitamin K, Betulinic Acid, Minerals and Polysaccharides.


Fenugreek

History and Origin

Fenugreek is one of the oldest and most useful herbs known to man. In fact, archaeologists have dated, fenugreek using radiocarbon dating, to around 4000 BC, after remains of the herb where discovered in Tell Halal, Iraq. We also know that the ancient Egyptians consumed fenugreek and used it to preparekuphi, a type of incense used to embalm their dead. Fenugreek also holds significance in the Jewish religion because Jewish defenders of Jerusalem, during the first Jewish-Roman war, combined fenugreek with boiling oil and used it to repel invaders from the city walls. The idea being that the gooey concoction would make the Romans loose their footing. Fenugreek or not, Jerusalem was ultimately besieged and conquered by the Emperor Titus in AD 70.

Both traditional Chinese and European folk medicine has long promoted the use of fenugreek seeds for a number of ailments including kidney problems, male reproductive disorders, stomach complaints and diabetes. Fenugreek is thought to be an aphrodisiac, lactogenic, laxative, expectorant, astringent and diuretic. Modern science does not yet fully understand the curative and healing properties of fenugreek but researchers may have found some answers.

Modern Uses

Fenugreek seed was found to have hypoglycemic activity in diabetic mice and contains compounds that act like insulin. Those who take insulin should therefore be careful as fenugreek may conflict with their medication. Fenugreek also contains mucilage, a glutinous substance found in many plants. Mucilage often contains tannic acid, which has antioxidant activity. However its thought that mucilage may also prevent absorption of prescription drugs. Researchers at the United Arab Emirates demonstrated that certain compounds in fenugreek seeds inhibited growth and in some cases destroyed breast cancer cells in animal studies.

Fenugreek is a good source of protein and the mineral potassium. This herb contains antioxidants including vitamin C and B complex vitamins. As with many medicinal plants, Fenugreek is a source of photochemicals known as flavonols. The flavonols in fenugreek are quecetin and rutin. These two flavonols or phenols work together and have powerful antioxidant properties. They are anticancer and help neutralize harmful free radicals. Rutin is anti-inflammatory, cardio-protective and helps lower LDL or bad cholesterol.

Fenugreek also contains the phytochemical known as coumarin. Coumarin is a fragrant compound used in the production of anticoagulent drugs in the pharmaceutical industry. Whilst coumarins have antioxidant and anticancer activity, they are also toxic to the liver and kidneys in excessive amounts. Another compound in fenugreek is diosgenin. Diosgenin is a type of steroid sapogenin that is also used in the pharmaceutical industry for the production of sex hormones and oral contraceptive pills.

Fenugreek and Testosterone

As with the others on this list, it boosts libido and raises testosterone levels. Another advantage is that fenugreek also increases insulin release, which can help increase muscle mass after weight training. Your body sends fenugreek through your liver so that it can balance and regulate it. This is different from many pharmaceutical forms of testosterone, which are absorbed into the body.

Athletic Performance

An article appearing in the December 2010 issue of the “International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism” evaluated the effects of two enzymes present in fenugreek, aromatase and 5α-reductase, which modify cholesterol in the production of testosterone. The researchers evaluated the effects of these enzymes on strength, body composition and hormonal profiles in 30 resistance-trained men. The participants were supplemented with either a placebo or 500 mg of fenugreek extract once a day for eight weeks. Researchers monitored the participants’ maximum bench and leg press and muscle endurance during an exercise regime conducted four days per week over the two month period. The study found that fenugreek significantly improved performance in the weight-lifting portions of the study, reduced body fat and increased testosterone levels in the men.

Body Composition

The effects of fenugreek on muscle strength, body composition, power output and hormonal profiles were evaluated in a study that was published in the October 2010 edition of the “Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.” The researchers recruited 49 resistance-trained men and supplemented them with either 500 mg of fenugreek extract or a placebo for eight weeks. During this time, they participated in a four-day-per-week training program composed of two upper- and two lower-extremity workouts per week. The study determined that the group supplemented with fenugreek experienced significant reductions in body fat and improved performance in the leg and bench press. The researchers concluded that fenugreek had significant effects on body composition and strength compared to the placebo.

Constituents

Steroidal saponins constitute 4-6% of the dried seeds weight.

The main bioactive compounds are protodioscin, trigoneoside, diosgenin, and yamogenin, which have anticarcinogenic potential in animal models through inhibition of cell proliferation and inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis.

Primary Nutrients are: Iron, protein, phosphates, lecithin, vitamin B1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 9 & 12, vitamin D, vitamin A, biotin, choline and PABA.


Vasodilator Herb Cayenne

A stimulating herb made from the dried pods of chili peppers and is well known for its pungent taste and smell. Cayenne has been used medicinally for thousands of years. Cayenne is often referred to as chili, which is the Aztec name for cayenne pepper.

CAYENNE MOVES BLOOD

There is no other herb which increases your blood flow faster than cayenne. Cayenne moves blood. Cayenne is the greatest blood circulation stimulant known. You can take all the milk thistle you want, but if you have bad circulation to your liver, it’s not going to do you any good. Cayenne increases your blood circulation immediately within seconds, more than any other herb. When you have a sick area, there’s often a restriction of blood flow to that area. Blood flow is what takes nutrition and the healing properties of herbs to those cells. Blood flow is also what carries out and removes waste material. Cayenne pepper is like TNT. It blasts through all that blockage to get to that area which is sick, taking with it all the minerals and vitamins from the foods you eat, and all the vital chemicals from the herbs you take – all the way to the sick area.

Top Fat Burning Food #1: Cayenne Pepper

Touted by the likes of supermodel Giselle Bundchen and pop star diva Beyonce as weight loss secrets, cayenne pepper or capsicum has been used medicinally for centuries. Originally used by natives of Mexico and Africa this spicy pepper helps the body’s diet induced thermogenisis or production of heat. Studies on cayenne pepper also indicate that it aids in the increase of lipid oxidation. Lipid oxidation is when fat is burned for energy – a highly desirable action for weight loss.

But cayenne pepper’s connection to weight loss doesn’t end there. Cayenne peppers have been linked to decreased appetite and retarding or slowing the growth of fat cells. All of these are important factors in losing weight and maintaining a healthy weight.

Build Muscle, Lose the Fat…

Constituents

1,8-cineole, 2-octanone, alanine, alpha-carotene, alpha-linoleic acid, alpha-phellandrene, arginine, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, betaine, campesterol, capsaicin, capsanthin, carvone, fiber, folacin, glutamic acid, hesperidin, isoleucine, isovaleric acid, kaempferol, manganese, myrcene, p-coumaric acid, potassium, proline, quercetin, scopoletin, solanine, thiamin, thujone, tryptophan, valine, zeaxanthin, zinc.

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